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With the chocolate fuelled madness that marks the first bank holiday weekend of the year rapidly approaching (!), we thought this blog post would get your attention. However, as so often is the case, it isn’t quite that simple. 
True, cocoa beans do have a myriad of health benefits, as confirmed by many different studies. More on this in a moment. Hurrah! 
Unfortunately, the majority of these are lost during the manufacturing process, to produce the chocolate we’re so familiar with. And not forgetting the huge amounts of sugar most chocolate products contain. 
Why is this? 
The health benefits attributed to cocoa beans come from the high levels of alkaloids they contain. This is in addition to many other phytonutrients, vitamins and minerals including Vitamins, A, B1, B2, D and E; as well as potassium, magnesium, copper and iron. So far, so good. 
Now for the bad news, which is that alkaloids are extremely bitter. To make the end product more palatable – and so less bitter – these are removed during processing. 
Just to make matters worse – sorry (!) – it’s then blended with refined sugars and fat to create the chocolate bars we know and love. The end result is a diabetes inducing, waist line expanding, product with no real health benefits whatsoever. If you’re in any doubt, here are the ingredients from a well known chocolate bar with a purple wrapper (!): 
Ingredients: Milk, sugar, cocoa butter, cocoa mass, vegetable fats (palm oil, shea butter), emulsifiers, flavourings. 
Nutritional value per 100g: Energy 530 Kcal (a whopping ¼ of the recommended calorie intake for women), 56% sugar, 30% fat, 7% protein. 
But all is not lost… 
Simply moving over to a better quality dark chocolate means you can still enjoy your “chocolate fix” and get the health benefits too. 
By better quality, we mean an organic and fairtrade product. Not only does this mean that it’s been produced without all those nasty chemicals; but the workers have been treated well and paid a living wage. This in in stark comparison to many of the cheaper products, which rely on child labour to keep the costs down, alongside intensive use of chemicals to maximise the amount produced. 
And by dark chocolate we mean one produced with at least 70% cacao. This gives a more intense flavour which means you’ll only want a small amount of it, compared to its sugary cousins, to get your “chocolate fix.” 
The health benefits of dark chocolate include: 
Reduced blood pressure, with a reduced risk of heart attacks and strokes. 
Reduced risk of Colon Cancer, due to the polyphenols found in cocoa. 
The fat found in cocoa doesn’t raise cholesterol. In addition cocoa also contains Oleic Acid, a fatty acid also found in olive oil, which helps prevent heart disease as well as promoting antioxidant activity. 
The lower levels of sugar found in dark chocolate prevent the swings in blood sugar associated with its sugar laden cousins. This helps maintain a more stable blood sugar which, in turn, helps prevent diabetes and obesity. 
We all know that chocolate helps improve our mood (!) with dark chocolate containing high levels of Tryptophan which is converted into Serotonin, the “feel good” endorphin. Tryptophan also plays a part in helping to reduce cravings for sweet and starchy foods and so can help promote weight loss. And eating chocolate to aid weight loss sounds like everyone’s dream (!). 
Similarly, dark chocolate helps to ease PMT – not that any of the female of the species suffers from this, DO THEY?!? 
Dark chocolate also contains small amounts of caffeine which helps increase mental activity, alertness and resistance to fatigue. However at around 6mg per average sized bar – compared to 100 to 150 mg in a cup of coffee – it doesn’t quite have the same effect! 
And, finally, here’s a slightly bizarre one. Chocolate also contains Theobromine which helps relax and open up airways in the Lungs, as well as acting on the Vagus Nerve. This can help relieve coughs; as well as neutralising free radical damage to the Lungs resulting from breathing in air borne pollutants. 
So what’s the bottom line – no pun intended?!? 
Well, as so often in the case, it’s all down to quality over quantity. True organic darker chocolate costs more, but you’ll find that a couple of squares – against a bar or two (!) – is all you’ll want at a time. Not only this, but you won't crave a “chocolate fix” so often. 
As always, the choice is yours. 
Picture by unknown author 
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